Religion  -  Wildlife

Religion & Spirituality  

Religion & Spirituality: General  

Albanese, Catherine L. Nature Religion in America: From the Algonkian Indians to the New Age. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1990.

Albanese, Catherine L. Reconsidering Nature Religion. Harrisburg, Pennsylvania: Trinity Press International, 2002.

Berry, Thomas. The Dream of the Earth. San Francisco: Sierra Club Books, 1988.

Burroughs, John. "The Faith of a Naturalist." Accepting the Universe. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1920. 112-133.

Gardner, Gary. Inspiring Progress: Relgions' Contributions to Sustainable Development. New York: Norton, 2006.

Gardner, Gary. Invoking the Spirit: Religion and Spirituality in the Quest for a Sustainable World. Worldwatch Paper 164. Washington, D.C.: Worldwatch Institute, 2002.

Peters, Karl E. Dancing with the Sacred: Evolution, Ecology, and God. Harrisburg, Pennsylvania: Trinity Press International, 2002

Religions of the World and Ecology series. Cambridge: Harvard University Center for the Study of World Religions.

...Chappel, Christopher Key, editor. Jainism and Ecology: Nonviolence in the Web of Life (2002).
...Chappel, Christopher Key and Mary Evelyn Tucker, editors. Hinduism and Ecology: The Intersection of Earth, Sky, and Water (2000).
...Foltz, Richard C., Frederick M. Denny, and Azizan Baharuddin, editors. Islam and Ecology: A Bestowed Trust (2003).
...Girardot, N. J., James Miller, and Liu Xiaogan, editors. Daoism and Ecology: Ways within a Cosmic Landscape (2001).
...Grim, John A., editor. Indigenous Traditions and Ecology: The Interbeing of Cosmology and Community (2001).
...Hessel, Dieter T. and Rosemary Radford Ruether, editors. Christianity and Ecology: Seeking the Well-Being of Earth and Humans (2000).
...Tirosh-Amuelson, Hava, editor. Judaism and Ecology: Creating World and Revealed Word (2002).
...Tucker, Mary Evelyn and Duncan Ryuken Williams, editors. Buddhism and Ecology: The Intercvonnection of Dharma and Deeds (1997).
...Tucker, Mary Evelyn and John Berthrong, editors. Confuciansim and Ecology: The Interrelation of Heaven, Earth, and Humans (1998).

Taylor, Bron, editor. Enclyclopedia of Religion and Nature. Two volumes. London: Continuum, 2005.

Taylor, Bron. "The Religion and Politics of Earth First!" The Ecologist 21, no. 6 (Nov./Dec. 1991): 258-266.

Martin, Calvin Luther. In the Spirit of the Earth: Rethinking History and Time. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1992. 

Alliance of Religions and Conservation

Buddhist Ecology and Environmental Studies, conference papers

Coalition on the Environment and Jewish Life

Earth Vision: nature in the light of spiritual ecology. Links

Evangelical Christians and care for the environment
Christians for the Mountains. 
On the Care of the Creation: An Evangelical Declaration on the Care of creation. 
Evangelicals and the Environment. 
Evangelical Environmental Network, a profile. 
Evangelical Environmental Network & Creation Care Magazine. 

Forum on Religion and Ecology.

The Great Warming. Resources for Churches & Synagogues

Internet Resources for Exploring Religion, Worldviews, Environment and Public Policy

Legacy of Transcendentalism: Religion and Philosophy

National Council of Churches of Christ. Eco-Justice Programs

National Religious Partnership for the Environment. Click on names of organizations for information

North American Coalition for Christianity and Ecology

Panentheism vs Pantheism. 
Pantheism (Catholic Encyclopedia). 
Pantheist Association for Nature. Links: 
World Pantheism. 

Regeneration Project
Interfaith Power & Light (green electricity for religious groups). 

Religion & Environment. Bibliographies & Links Links, articles, more.

Center for the Study of World Religions
Religion and the Environment Resources. 
Lectures Online. 

Religion and the Environment: Guide to Internet Resources for Teaching and Learning in Theology and Religion

"Religion and Environment Movement Has Growth Spurt.

Religions of the World and Ecology. Harvard Divinity School
Series of conferences, 1996-1998. Info about speakers & publications

Society for the Study of Religion, Nature & Culture

"Solidarity and Sustainability." A Newsletter on the Socio-Ecological Impacts of Religious Patriarchy

Theology & the Environment: Acton Institute for the Study of Religion and Liberty

Worldviews: Environment, Culture, Religion. Tables of content, abstracts.

Religion: Neo-paganism, Neo-shamanism & Goddess-Based   

Blain, Jenny, Douglas Ezzy and Graham Harvey, editors. Researching Paganisms. Walnut Creek, California: AltaMira Press, 2004.

Eller, Cynthia. Living in the Lap of the Goddess: The Feminist Spirituality Movement in America. Boston: Beacon Press, 1995.

Eller, Cynthia. The Myth of Matriarchal Prehistory: Why an Invented Past Won't Given Women a Future. Boston: Beacon Press, 2000.

Gimbutas, Marija. The Living Goddesses. Edited and supplemented by Mieriam Robbins Dexter. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1999.

Gimbutas, Marija. The Language of the Goddess. New York: Harper & Row, 1989.

Goodison, Lucy and Christine Morris, editors. Ancient Goddesses: The Myths and the Evidence. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1998.

Harvey, Graham, editor. Shamanism: A Reader. London: Routledge, 2003.

Hess, David J. Science in the New Age: The Paranormal, Its Defenders and Debunkers, and American Culture. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1993.

Magliocco, Saina. Witching Culture: Folklore and Neopaganism in America. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2004.

Meskell, Lynn. "Goddesses, Gimbutas and 'New Age' archaeology." Antiquity 69 (1995): 74-86.

Noel, Daniel C. the Soul of Shamanism: Western Fantasies, Imaginal Realities. New York: Continuum, 1997.

Pike, Sarah M. New Age and Neopagan Religions in America. New York: Columbia University Press, 2004.

Stone, Merlin. When God was a Woman. San Diego: Harcout Brace, 1976.

Wallis, Robert J. Shamans/Neo-Shamans: Ecstasy, Alternative archaeologies and contemporary Pagans. London: Routledge, 2003.

Wernitznig, Dagmar. Going Native or Going Naive? Lantham, New York: University Press of America, 2003.

Classic Shamanism and Core Shamanism: Basic Differences

Goddess. An exhibit at the Metropolitan Museum of Art

Goddess Bibliography

The Goddess and the Church. Jittery musings of a worried Christian

Goddess in World Mythology site, references page

Goddess Worship: That real "old time" religion?

Reclaiming. "A Community of People, A Tradition of Witchcraft, and a 501(c)3 non-profit Religious Organization"

Wiccan Church of Canada

World Pantheism Movement

Religion: Traditional Cultures  

See also, "Indigenous Peoples"

Gill, Sam D. Mother Earth: An American Story. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987.

Grim, John A., editor. Indigenous Traditions and Ecology: The Interbeing of Cosmology and Community. Cambridge: Harvard University Center for the Study of World Religions, 2001.

Harkin, Michael E. and David Rich Lewis, editors. Native Americans and the Environment: Perspectives on the Ecological Indian. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2007.

Harvey, Graham, editor. Shamanism: A Reader. London: Routledge, 2003.

Hirschfelder, Arlene and Paulette Molin. Encyclopedia of Native American Religions,. Updated Edition. New York: Checkmark Books, 2000. Includes substantial bibliographies.

Hughes, J. Donald. American Indian Ecology. El Paso: Texas Western Press, 1983.

Hultkrantz, Ake. Shamanic Healing and Ritual Drama: Health and Medicine in Native North Ameircan Religious Traditions. New York: Crossroad, 1992.

Jenkins, Philip. Dream Catchers: How Mainstream American Discovered Native Spirituality. New York: Oxford University Press, 2002.

Krech, Shepard, III. The Ecological Indian: Myth and History. New York: Norton, 1999.

Martin, Calvin. Keepers of the Gam: Indian-Animal Relationships and the Fur Trade. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1978.

Talbot, Steve. "Religion." The Native North American Almanac. Duane Champagne, editor. Second edition. Detroit: Gale Group, 2001. 685-733.

White, Richard. "Indian Peoples and the Natural World: Asking the Right Questions." Major Problems in American Indian History: Documents and Essays. Albert L. Hurtado and Peter Iverson, editors. Second edition. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2001. 8-17.

African Traditional Religions (links)

Animism (Catholic Encyclopedia)

Quinn, Daniel. "Animism: Humanity's Original Religious Worldview."

Religion: Traditional Cultures (Cultural Appropriation, Misrepresentation & Hoax)  

Brown, Michael F. Who Owns Native Culture? Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2003.

Jenkins, Philip. Dream Catchers: How Mainstream America Discovered Native Spirituality. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004.

Kidner, David W. "Fraud, Fantasy, and Fiction in Environmental Writing." Environmental Ethics 27, no. 4 (Winter 2005): 391-410.

Noel, Daniel C. The Soul of Shamanism: Western Fantasies, Imaginal Realities. New York: Continuum, 1997.

Some Readings on Cultural Appropriations, Native American, and New Age. A bibliography

Carlos Castaneda.
Presented as as factual accounts, most Anthropologists now consider Castaneda's books to be fiction.
De Mille, Richard. Castaneda's Journey: the power and the allegory. Santa Barbara: Capra Press, 1976.
Noel, Daniel C. Seeing Castaneda: Reactions to the "Don Juan" Writings of Carlos Castaneda. New York: Putnum, 1976.

Chief Seattle's Speech
For decades this was considered the definitive expression of Native American ecological spirituality.
However, the ecological version of the speech was written in 1972 by filmmaker Ted Perry for a Southern Baptist Convention film.

Marlo Morgan's Mutant Message from Down Under
A work of fiction that she misrepresented as a factual account of Australian Aborigines. (PDF file) 


Herndl, Carl G. and Stuart C.  Brown, editors. Green Culture: Environmental Rhetoric in Contemporary America. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1996.

Killingsworth, M. Jimmie and Jacqueline S. Palmer. Ecospeak: Rhetoric and Environmental Politics in America. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1992.

Waddell, Craig, editor. And No Birds Sing: Rhetorical Analyses of Rachel Carson's Silent Spring. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 2000.

Risk Perception & Assessment  

Center for Risk Perception and Communication. Publications

Ecological Risk Analysis: Guidance, Tools, and Analysis

Human and Ecological Risk Assessment journal. Tables of contents for back issues

Risk Perception & Communication: Environmental Tobacco Smoke and Child Health

Environmental & Ecological Risks. 
Home. Lots of links to the world of risk. 

Simple Living  

Gould, Rebecca Kneale. At Home in Nature: Modern Homesteading and Spiritual Practice in America. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2005.

Jacob, Jeffery. New Pioneers: The Back-to-the-Land Movement and the Search for a Sustainable Future. University Park, Pennsylvania State University Press, 1997.

Levering, Frank and Wanda Urbanska. Simple Living: One Couple's Search for a Better Life. New York: Viking, 1992.

Nearing, Scott. Living the Good Life. Harborside, Maine: Social Science Institute, 1954.

Schmitt, Peter J. Back to Nature: The Arcadian Myth in Urban America. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1990.

Shi, David E. The Simple Life: Plain Living and High Thinking In American Culture. New York: Oxford University Press, 1985.


Mother Earth News. Issue index, archive search

Simple Living Network

Kakegawa Declares itself a "Slow Life City."

Voluntary Simplicity

Social Change & Activism  

See also, "Politics"

Coclanis, Peter A. and Stuart Bruchey, editors. Ideas, Ideologies, and Social Movements. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1999.

Hawken, Paul. Blessed Unrest: How the Largest Movement in the World Came into Being and Why No One Saw it Coming. New York: Viking, 2007.

Switzer, Jacqueline Vaughn. Environmental Activism: A Reference Handbook. Contemporary World Issues series. Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO, 2003.

Action!Network. An online envronmental activism community

Appalshop. Arts and education for social change in Appalachia

Center for Urban Poverty & Social Change. Cleveland as a case study

Community Psychology Net

Community Sociology. Sociology of Communities: An Introduction

Conservation, Preservation, and Environmental Activism: A Survey of the Historical Literature

Defining We in Environmental advocacy. (Works best when accessed with Internet Explorer.)

EarthHope Action Network

Environmental Activism links

Environmental Activism on Trial in the U.S.

Environmental, Human Rights, and Animal Activism

Faith-based community organizing. "community Organizing: A Quite Revolution"

Green Web. Left Biocentricism

Jay's Leftist and 'Progressive' Internet Resources Directory

Nonviolent Resistance
Henry David Thoreau and nonviolence. 
Martin Luther King's Philosophy. 
Nelson Mandela's Nobel Lecture. 
Non-Violent Resistance And Social Transformation: I. Satyagraha. . . . 
Non-Violent Resistance and Social Transformation: II. Swaraj and Sarvodaya. . . . 
Nonviolent Resistance. 
Nonviolent Resistance. Martin Luther King. 

Progressive web sites. Links

Reverence Movement: Two Crises, Once Solution.

Social, Economic and Political Change. Site of the Global Social Change Research Project. Links to theory, research, and more

Tree Sitting
Climbing Proud! Canopy Action Network Takes to the Trees--Sprig. 
Julia Butterfly Hill. 
Julia Butterfly Hill. 
Tree Sitting. 

What is a Community: A Sociological Perspective

Working for Change. Working Assets site


Arrow, K. et al. "Are We Consuming Too Much?" Journal of Economic Perspectives 18, no. 3 (2004): 147-172.
About this article: see Jon Christensen. "Are We Consuming Too Much? Conservation in Practice 6, no. 2 (April-June 2005): 15-19. 

Hawken, Paul, Amory Lovins, L. Hunter Lovins. Natural Capitalism: Creating the Next Industrial Revolution. Boston: Little, Brown, 1999.

Daly, Herman E. and John B. Cobb, Jr. For the Common Good: Redirecting the Economy Toward Community, the Environment, and a Sustainable Future. Boston: Beacon Press, 1989.

Hallsmith, Gwendolyn. The Keys to Sustainable Cities: Meeting Human Needs, Transforming Community Systems. Gabriola Island, British Columbia: New Society, 2003.

Hawken, Paul. Blessed Unrest: How the Largest Movement in the World Came into Being and Why No One Saw it Coming. New York: Viking, 2007.

McDonough, William and Michael Braungart. Cradle to Cradle: Remaking the Way We Make Things. New York: North Point Press, 2002.

Sachs, Wolfgang. "Environment and Development: The Story of a Dangerous Liaison." The Ecologist 21, no. 6 (Nov./Dec. 1991): 252-257.

Van der Ryn, Sim and Stuart Cowan. Ecological Design. Washington, D.C.: Island Press, 1996.

World Commission on Environment and Development. Our Common Future. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1987.

Association for Community Design

Association for the Advancement of Sustainability in Higher Education

Center for Alternative Development Initiatives.

Center for Communities by Design

Center for Sustainable Innovation

Center for Sustainable Resources Links for a changing planet

Context Institute. 

Definitions of a Sustainable Community

Documents from the Sustainable Communities Conference, Burlington, Vermont, July 14-18, 2004

Earth Charter

Earth Charter. Theme issue of Worldviews: Environment, Culture, Religion. Online abstracts.

E. F. Schumacher Society. Resources page

ESD Design Guide for Office and Public Buildings (Australia). Ecologically Sustainable Development

Genuine Progress Index for Atlantic Canada

Global Development Research Center
Sustainable Development. 

Global Ecovillage Network

Global Higher Education for Sustainability Partnership

Green Map System Sustainable Design & Construction

Hanover Principles of Sustainability (with an article about William McDonough)

Higher Education Associations Sustainability Consortium

History of Sustainability

International Association of Universities: Sustainable Development

Journal of Sustainability. Online journal

LASER: local action for sustainable economic renewal

New England Organic Farming Association

North American Sustainable Consumption Alliance

Orion Afield magazine

People and Plants International. Sustainable plant management and conservation

Quivira Coalition Library. Sustainability & new ranching in the American West

Revisiting the U.N. MDGs, with focus on MDG7: Ensure Sustainability

Second Nature. Education for sustainability in higher education

Solidarity & Sustainability. Newsletter

Sustainability & Sustainable Develolpment Resources

Sustainability Institute

Sustainability Now. Sustainability from an engineering perspective

Sustainablity Practice Network. SPNetwork

Sustainability Web Ring (Home);ring=sustainability

SustainLane. Sustainable development for state and local government
US city sustainability ranking: 

UNESCO Decade of Education for Sustainable Development

University Leaders for Sustainable Development

What is Sustainability?

World Business Council for Sustainable Development Case Studies

Terrorism & Weapons of Mass Destruction  

Click Here to jump to "Terrorism & Weapons of Mass Destruction" page
See also, "Nuclear & Thermonuclear" "War & Peace"


Center for Health, Environment, and Justice

Chemical Industry Archives

Depleted Uranium

Endocrine Disrupters (Health, Environment & Work web site)

Endocrine Disrupters Website (European Commission)

Environmental Contaminants Encyclopedia

EPA Web Site

Green Facts. Information on health and the environment, including dioxin, endocrine disrupters, mercury

Human and Natural Environmental Concerns. Biographies of people who addressed problems created by chemicals

Military Toxics Project

Rachel Carson Council. Information about pesticides

Sixty Years of Tetraethyl Lead: A study of lead in gasoline

Toxicant and Disease Database (CHE)


Toxic Substances Hydrology Program

Urban Environment  

Gandy, Matthew. Concrete and Clay: Reworking Nature in New York City. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2002.

Hallsmith, Gwendolyn. The Keys to Sustainable Cities: Meeting Human Needs, Transforming Community Systems. Gabriola Island, British Columbia: New Society, 2004.

American Planning Association

Association for Community Design

Center for Urban Restoration Ecology

Green Map System

Historical Geography of Middle Street, Portland Maine, 1727-2004. Includes impacts of automobile. Goddard BA student project

Kakegawa Declares itself a "Slow Life City."

London Environment. Mayor's site

Urban Forests. PBS television series & related resources 

San Francisco Environment (city site) 

Shame of the City: A Sense of Place. Haunts of the homeless in San Francisco

Thirteen Ways of Seeing Nature in L.A. Jenny Price.

Urban and Regional Ecology links. UK site

Urban Environmental Management

The Urban Sphere. A page of the Global Development Research Center

War & Peace  

Agent Orange (defoliant used in Vietnam War)
Basic information. 
U.S., Department of Veterans Affairs site. 
Victims' suit links. 
Reforestation of mangroves. 

American Civil War: An Environmental Perspective

Bruderhof Peacemakers Guide

Center for Nonviolent Communication

Chemical and Biological Weapons Control (FAS site)

Depleted Uranium

Environmental Consequences of War. Bibliography and links

Environmental Impacts of War

Fellowship of Reconciliation

Impacts of War and Land Mines on Environment

Military Toxics Project

Pax Educare: The Connecticut Center for Peace Education. Web links

Peace Education Center

Terrorism & Weapons of Mass Destruction. Major list of resources
(Jump to new page)

War and the Environment

War, Environment & Iraq (with links)

Worldwatch Institute Global Security Resources

Waste, Hazardous  

Clean-up Process & Environmental Geology Vocabularies

Hazardous Waste. EPA site

Love Canal
Love Canal. EPA site. 
Love Canal. Site of organization founded by Lois Gibbs. 
Love Canal: Public Health Time Bomb. Report to Gov. of New York. 

Superfund. EPA site. 
Superfund Basic Research Program. 

Waste, Solid  

Association of Vermont Recyclers

Grass Roots Recycling Network

International Solid Waste Association

Solid Waste & Recycling magazine

Solid Waste Association of North America

Waste. EPA site

Yale Working Papers on Solid Waste Policy

Water Conservation & Quality  

Introduction to Water. UK site

National Environmental Services Center. Drinking water, waste water, etc.

New England Water Environment Association. Good links section

Water. EPA site

Water, Environment, and Sanitation. UNICEF site

Water and the Rio Grand.

Water Conserve. Water Conservation Portal

Water. Environment Canada resources

Water: Resources & Discourses. Special issue of Reconstruction: Studies in Contemporary Culture

Water Quality Association

Water Quality Information Center. USDA site


National Wetlands Inventory. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service site

Wetland Links. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service site

Water Conserve. Water Conservation Portal

Wetland Links. Wetlands International site

Wetlands. EPA site

Wilderness & Parks  

Callicott, J. Baird and Michael P. Nelson. The Great Wilderness Debate: Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1998.

Cox, Thomas R. The Park Builders: A History of State Parks in the Pacific Northwest. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1988..

Klyza, Christopher McGrory. Wilderness Comes Home: Rewilding the Northeast. Hanover: Middlebury College Press/University Press of New England, 2001.

Nash, Roderick. Wilderness and the American Mind. Third Edition. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1982.

Oelschlaeger, Max. The Idea of Wilderness: From Prehistory to the Age of Ecology. New Haven: Yale University Press., 1991.

Rosenzweig, Roy and Elizabeth Blackmar. The Park and the People: A History of Central Park. New York: Holt, 1992.

Runte, Alfred. Yosemite: The Embattled Wilderness. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1990.

Spence, Mark David. Dispossessing the Wilderness: Indian Removal and the Making of the National Parks. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.

Terrie, Philip G. Forever Wild: A Cultural History of Wilderness in the Adirondacks. New York: Syracuse University Press, 1994.

Deserts and Grasslands.

Environmental Activism on Trial in the U.S.

Sierra Club.

Wilderness Society

The Wildlands Project
Foreman, Dave. Rewilding North America : A Vision for Conservation in the 21st Century. Washington, D.C.: Island Press, 2004
Official site: 
Additional site: 

U.S. Forest Service. Conduct a search for documents related to its extensive wilderness holdings

U.S. National Park Service. Conduct a search for documents related to your park of interest